The Civilian
of Nato’s Bombing ?


During the first month of the war on Yugoslavia,the NATO planes and cruise missile made over 10,000 attacks. Morethan 2500 cruise missiles were launched and over 7,000
tons of explosives were dropped. The following list is based oninformation provided by the Yugoslavian Foreign Ministry.

About 1,000 civilians, including 45 children(Click herefor photos of children injured in NATO attack on a tourist busnear Pristina, Kosovo), were killed and more than
4,500 sustained serious injuries e.g.:
– in Kursumlija: 13 dead and 25 wounded;
– in Panevo: 2 dead and 4 wounded;
– in Kragujevac: over 120 workers were wounded during an attackon the car
factory “Zastava”;
– in Vranje: two dead and 23 wounded;
– in Aleksinac: 12 dead and more than 40 wounded;
– in Nagavac village, Orahovac municipality: 11 dead and 5 wounded;
– in Pristina: 10 dead and 8 wounded;
– Grdelicka gorge: 55 killed and 16 wounded;
– attack on two refugee columns, with four cruise missiles, onthe
Djakovica-Prizren road: 75 killed and 100 wounded, of whom 26critically;
– in the village of Srbica: 10 killed, among whom 7 children;
– Belgrade suburb of Batajnica: a three year old girl Milica Rakicwas
killed, and five civilians wounded.
– in Nis: in the attack on housing flats one civilian was killedwhile 11
– in Pristina: in the attack on a Provisional Executive Councilbuilding
in the suburb Grmija, one civilian was killed while 2 wounded;
– in Djakovica: in the attack on a refugee settlement housingSerb
refugees from the Republika Srpska Krajina (Croatia), 10 refugeeswere
killed and 16 wounded;
– in Belgrade: in the attack on the Radio Television of Serbiaoffice
building, 15 employees have been killed and 17 wounded;
After the demolition of the Petrovaradin bridge, Novi Sad andPetrovaradin
were cut of water supply (600 000 citizens) since the main andcity
pipeline was constructed into the bridge. About one million citizens,according to Yugoslav sources, are short of water. About 500 000workers became jobless due to the total destruction of industrialfacilities all around the country. Two million citizens have nomeans for living and cannot ensure the minimum for existence.
Overall material damage is enormous. Preliminary estimates indicatethat NATO
air strikes have incurred damages in excess of 10 billion dollars.In the
territory of the northern province of Vojvodina alone, damageshave been
estimated in excess of 3,5 billion dollars.


The road and railway networks, especially roadand rail bridges, most of
which were destroyed or damaged beyond repair, suffered extensive
destruction. The targets of attacks were such communications as:


(a) Destoyed (20)
1. The Varadin Bridge over the Danube (on 1 April 1999);
2. The “Sloboda” (Freedom) Bridge over the Danube (on4 April 1999);
3. The “Zezeljov” Bridge in Novi Sad (on 5 April 1999);
4. The bridge over the Ibar river, Biljanovac municipality (on5 – 13
April 1999);
5. The bridge over the Vrba.ka river near Jezgrovic (on 5 April1999);
6. The “Lozno” railway bridge near Usfe (on 5 April1999);
7. The road bridge on the road leading to Brvenik, near Usce (on5 April
8. The bridge near Zubin Potok, on the Kosovska Mitrovica – Ribariceroad
(on 5 April 1999);
9. The old bridge on the river Rasina near the town of Krusevac(12-13
April 1999);
10. The new bridge on the river Rasina near the town of Krusevac(12-13
April 1999);
11. The Krusevac-Pojate bridge on the river Zapadna Morava, atthe village
of Jasika (on 13 April 1999);
12. The railway bridge on the river Lim, between Priboj and Prijepolje,
near hydroelectric power station Bistrica (on 15 April 1999);
13. The bridge on the river Ibar, at the village of Brvenik, linking
Korlace and Raska (15.04.1999.);
14. The bridge between Smederevo and Kovin (16 April 1999);
15. The railway bridge on the river Kostajnica, near Kursumlija
16. The bridge over the regional Kursumlija – Prokuplje road;
17. The bridge over the river Vrapcevska Reka near the villageof
Ribarice, from the direction of Kosovska Mitrovica;
18. The bridge over the railway track on the regional road Biljanovac-
Mt. Kopaonik;
19. The railway bridge near the village of Rudnica in the vicinityof
Raska, on the Kraljevo – Kosovo Polje railway line;
20. The bridge over the Danube along the Beograd-Novi Sad road,near
Beska, Indjija municipality (on 21 April 1999);

(b) Damaged (12)
1. The “Mladosti” (Youth) Bridge over the Danube, connectingBacka Palanka
with Ilok, was damaged (on 4 April 1999);
2. The new railway/road bridge over the Danube connecting Bogojevoand
Erdut was damaged (on 5 April 1999);
3. The road bridge along the Magura Belafevac road, 15 kilometresfrom
Pristina, suffered extensive damage;
4. The bridge along the Nis-Pristina primary road, near Kursumlija,was
extensivelly damageg (on 5 April 1999);
5. The Grdelica gorge railway bridge, on the river Juzna Morava,was
damaged (on 12 April 1999);
6. The Grdelica gorge road bridge, on the river Juzna Morava,was damaged
(on 12 April 1999);
7. The road bridge over the Kosanica river near Kursumlija wasdamaged (on
13 April 1999);
8. The road bridge on the river Toplica, on the Nis-Pristina roadnear the
town of Kursumlija, was heavily damaged (14 and 19 April 1999);
9. The bridge on the river Kosanica, at the village of Selo Visoko,has
sustained heavy damages and is out of service 18.04.1999.);
10. The road bridge “Raskrsnica” near Donja Bistrica,on the route Priboj –
Prijepolje – Nova Varos, has sustained heavy damages (20 April1999);
11. The railway bridge on the river Sava near Ostruznica, hasbeen heavily
damaged (21, 23 April 1999);
12. The railway bridge on the Kraljevo – Raska railway line, near
Kraljevo, has been heavily damaged (23 April 1999);

1. The Kraljevo – Kosovo Polje rail, near Ibarska Slatina;
2. The Belgrade – Bar rail, due to the destruction of the railwaytrack
near the village of Strbce and destruction of the bridge on theriver Lim,
between Priboj and Prijepolje;
3. The Kursumlija – Prokuplje rail, near Pepeljevac village;
4. The Kraljevo – Kosovo Polje rail, near Ibarska Slatina;
5. The Nis – Pristina rail, near Kursumlija;
6. “Sarpelj” tunnel, near Jerinje village, 15 km northof Leposavic
towards Raska, was destroyed;
7. Railway station in Kraljevo (Bogutovac);
8. Railway station in Kosovo Polje;
9. The Belgrade – Thessaloniki rail, due to the destruction ofthe bridge
in the Grdelica gorge;
10. Railway station in the town of Biljanovac;
11. Railway track and overpass (Josinacka Banja) near the townof
12. Railway track Kursumlija – Podujevo, due to damages on therailway
bridge at Kursumlija; 13. Railway track Kraljevo – Kragujevac,due to
damages to the section of the track near the village of Vitanovac;
14. Railway track Uzice – Priboj:
15. Railway track Bogojevo – Vukovar;
16. Railway Track Leskovac – Predejane;

1. Ibarska primary road, due to damages to the bridge on the Ibarriver,
Biljanovac municipality, and destruction of the road between Pozegaand
2. Belgrade-Zagreb highway, near Stari Banovci;
3. Traffic suspended on the Kosovska Mitrovica-Ribarici sectionof the
Adriatic highway due to the destruction of the bridge over theVrbacka
4. “Jedinstvo” bus station in Vranje sustained extensivedamage;
5. “Kosmet Prevoz” transporter in Gnjilane (a hangarfull of new buses);
6. Kraljevo-Raska primary road;
7. Bus station in Pristina;
8. Traffic has been suspended on the Krusevac-Pojate road dueto the
destruction of the bridge on the Zapadna Morava, in the villageof Jasika;
9. Traffic has been suspended on the Nis-Pristina road, due tothe fact
that the bridge on the river Toplica, near the town of Kursumlija,has
sustained heavy damage;
10. Traffic has been suspedned on the regional road Priboj – Prijepolje-
Nova Varos, due to damages inflicted on the bridge “Raskrsnica”near Donja
11. Road maintenance company “Magistrala” in Pristina;
12. The Nis Central Bus Station;
13. The Pristina Bus Station;

4. AIRPORTS (7):
– “Slatina” in Pristina; “Batajnica” and “Surcin”in Belgrade; Nis
airport; “Ponikve” in Uzice; “Golubovac” inPodgorica, “Ladjevci” airport
near Kraljevo; agricultural and sports airfield in Sombor.


The air strikes have so far destroyed or damagedseveral thousand economic facilities and dwellings. In the Leskovacregion alone, over 3,500 industrial facilities and
dwellings were either destroyed or damaged. The devastation isparticularly bad in Pristina, Novi Sad, Aleksinac, Djakovica,Prokuplje, Gracanica, Cuprija, etc. Housing
blocks on the outskirts of Belgrade – Kijevo Knezevac, Batajnica,Jakovo, Borca, as well as the area around Pancevo have been underattack.

The NATO attacks have targeted the factories and industrial
facilities which directly cater for the needs of the population,among
which are:

1. “Galenika” drug factory in Belgrade;
2. Industrial complex “Dvadeset Prvi Maj” in Rakovica;
3. Machine building plant “Industrija Motora Rakovica”in Rakovica;
4. Factory “Jugostroj” in Rakovica;
5. Factory “Frigostroj” in Rakovica;
6. “Lola Utva” agricultural aircraft factory in Pancevo;
7. “Zdravlje” pharmaceutical plant in Leskovac;
8. “Sloboda” white goods factory in Cacak;
9. “Din” tobacco industry in Nis;
10. “Elektronska industrija” factory in Nis;
11. “Jastrebac” machine industry in Nis;
12. Facilities of the “Beograd” rail company in Nis;
13. Construction material depot “Ogrev Invest” in Nis;
14. General merchandise depot “Kopaonik” in Nis;
15. Production line of the tobacco factory “Nis” inNis;
16. “Elektrotehna” warehouse in Nis;
17. Food storage facility “Fidelinka” in Nis;
18. Facilities of the machine industry in Nis;
19. Office building of the company “So Produkt” in Nis;
20. Facilities of the pharmaceutical company “Velafarm”in Nis;
21. “Zastava” car factory in Kragujevac;
22. “14 Oktobar” machine factory in Krusevac;
23. Production line of the metal factory “Metalac” inKursumlija;
24. “Krusik” holding corporation in Valjevo;
25. “Ciklonizacija” in Novi Sad;
26. “Tehnogas” in Novi Sad;
27. “Novograp” in Novi Sad;
28. “Gumins” in Novi Sad;
29. “Albus” in Novi Sad;
30. “Petar Drapsin” in Novi Sad;
31. “Motins” in Novi Sad;
32. “Izolacija” in Novi Sad;
33. “Novokabel” in Novi Sad;
34. “Istra” fittings factory in Kula;
35. The port of Bogojevo;
36. “Div” cigarette factory in Vranje;
37. “Nova Jugoslavija” printers in Vranje;
38. Furniture factor “Simpo” in Vranje;
39. Textile industry “Jumko” in Vranje;
40. Wood-processing complex “27. November” in Raska;
41. Tubes factory in Urosevac;
42. “Milan Blagojevic” chemical plant in Lucani;
43. Plastics factory in Pristina;
44. Cotton yarn factory in Pristina;
45. Shock-absorber factory in Pristina;
46. Surface coal mine “Belacevac”;
47. “Binacka Morava” hydro construction company in Gnjilane;
48. Cigarette factory in Gnjilane;
49. Battery factory in Gnjilane:
50. Over 250 commercial and crafts shops in Djakovica were destroyed;
51. “Dijana” shoe factory in Sremska Mitrovica;

2. REFINERIES AND WAREHOUSES storing liquidraw materials and chemicals
intended for the oil and chemical industry, were hit in Pancevo,Novi Sad,
Sombor and elsewhere, causing large contamination of soil andthe air:
1. Fuel storage in Lipovica, which caused a great fire in theLipovica
forest (on 26 March 1999);
2. “Beopetrol” storage in Belgrade (on 4 April 1999);
3. “Beopetrol” storage in Bogutovac (4-24 April 1999);
4. Fuel storage of the boiler plant in Novi Beograd (on 4 April1999);
5. Chemical plant “Prva Iskra” in Baric – destructionof the production
line (19 April 1999);
6. Oil Refinery in Pancevo – totally demolished (4-16 April 1999);
7. Petrochemical industry “DP HIP PETROHEMIJA” in Pancevo- totally
demolished (14-15 April 1999);
8. Fertilizer plant “DP HIP AZOTARA” in Pancevo – totallydestroyed (14-15
April 1999);
9. “Jugopetrol” installations in Smederevo (on 4-13April 1999);
10. Thermo electric power station/boiler plant in Novi Sad (on5 April
11. Oil Refinery in Novi Sad, storage of bitumen (5 and 6 April1999);
12. “Jugopetrol” storage in Sombor (on 7 April 1999);
13. Fuel storage “Naftagas promet” which is located10 km from Sombor (5
April 1999);
14. Naftagas warehouse between Conoplje and Kljaicevo (Sombor);
15. “Beopetrol” fuel storage in Pristina (on 7 April1999);
16 Jugopetrol warehouse in Pristina (on 12 April 1999);
17. Jugopetrol petrol station in Pristina ( on 13 April 1999);
18. Fuel depot in Gruua, near Kragujevac;

1. PIK “Kopaonik” in Kursumlija;
2. PIK “Mladost” in Gnjilane;
3. Agricultural Complex “Malizgan” in Dolac;
4. Agricultural Complex “Djuro Strugar” in Kula;
5. Agricultural and food-processing plant and a cow-breeding farmwith 220
milk cows “Pester”, in Sjenica, has been destroyed;
6. In forest fires caused by NATO cruise missiles and bombs over250
hectares of forests have been burned down;
7. Several thousand hectares of fertile land, many rivers, lakesand
underground waters have been polluted due to the spillage of petrochemical
substances, oil spills and slicks;

NATO aviation also targeted many hospitals and health-care institutions,
which have been partially damaged or totally destroyed, including:

– Neuropsychiatric Ward “Dr. Laza Lazarevic”and Central Pharmacy of the
Emergency Centre in Belgrade;
– “Sveti Sava” hospital in Belgrade;
– Army Medical Academy in Belgrade;
– Gynaecological Hospital and Maternity Ward of the Clinical Centrein
– Health Care Centre in Rakovica;
– Hospital and Medical Centre in the territory in Leskovac;
– Gerontological Centre in Leskovac;
– Hospital and Poly-clinic in Nis;
– General Hospital in Djakovica;
– City Hospital in Novi Sad;
– Medical Centre and Ambulance Centre in Aleksinac;
– Medical Centre in Kraljevo;
– Dispensary on Mount Zlatibor;
– City hospital in Valjevo;
– Dispensary “Krusik” in Valjevo;
– Hospital for treatment of dystrophia in Novi Pazar;
– Health Care Centre in Kursumlija;


Over 2000 schools, faculties and facilities for students and childrenwere
damaged or destroyed (over 25 faculties, 10 collages, 45 secondaryand 90
elementary schools, 8 student dormitories, as well as a numberof
kindergartens), including:
– Elementary schools “16. oktobar” and “VladimirRolovic” in Belgrade;
– Day-care centre in settlement Petlovo Brdo in Belgrade;
– Elementary school and Engineering secondary school centre inRakovica;
– Two secondary schools in the territory of Nis;
– Faculty for construction and architecture in Nis;
– Faculty for machine-technical studies in Nis;
– Faculty for electro-technical studies in Nis;
– Faculties of Law and Economics and elementary school “RadojeDomanovic”
in Nis;
– Elementary schools “Toza Markovic”, “DjordjeNatosevic”, “Veljko
Vlahovic”, “Sangaj” and “Djuro Danicic”and a day-care centre “Duga” in
Novi Sad and creches in Visarionova Street and in the neighbourhoodof
Sangaj; Traffic School Centre, Faculty of Philosophy;
– Four elementary schools and a Medical high school in the territoryof
– Elementary school in Lucane, as well as a larger number of education
facilities in the territory of Kosovo and Metohija;
– Elementary schools in Kraljevo and the villages of Cvetka, Aketaand
– In Sombor: elementary schools “Ivo Lola Ribar”, “A.Mrazovic”, “N.
Vukicevic” and
“Nikola Tesla”
– School centre in Kula;
– Agricultural school in Valjevo;

– The residence of the President of the FR of Yugoslvia in Belgrade,
sustained heavy damages (22 April 1999);
– Severe damage to the facilities of the Republican and FederalMinistry
of the Interior in Belgrade (3 April 1999),
– Damage to the building of the Institute for Security of theMinistry of
the Interior in Banjica (3 April 1999);
– Severe damage to the TV RTS studio in Pristina;
– Heavy damage to Hydro-Meteorological Station (Bukulja, near
– Post Office in Pristina destroyed (7 April 1999);
– Refugee centre in Pristina destroyed (7 April 1999);
– “Tornik” ski resort on Mount Zlatibor (on 8 April1999);
– “Divcibare” mountain resort (on 11 April 1999);
– “Baciste” Hotel on Mount Kopaonik (on 12 April 1999);
– City power plant in the town of Krusevac (12-13 April 1999);
– Meteorological Station on Mount Kopaonik damaged (on 13 April1999);
– Four libraries in Rakovica sustained heavy damage: “RadojeDakic”,
“Isidora Sekulic”, “Milos Crnjanski” and “DusanMatic”;
– Refugee camp “7 juli” in Paracin has sustained heavydamage;
– Office building of the Provincial Executive Council of Vojvodina,Novi
Sad (18.04.1999.);
– Hotel “Mineral” in Bogutovacka Banja sustained heavydamages (19 Aptil
– Office building of the power distribution board “Elektrodistribucija”in
Kursumlija (20 April 1999);
– Hotel “Putnik” on Mt. Kopaonik;
– Bussiness centre “Usce” in Belgrade (21 April 1999);
– Refugee camp “Majino naselje” in Djakovica (21 April1999);
– Radio Television of Serbia office building in Belgrade (23 April1999);
– Youth and children centre in Belgrade (23 April 1999);
– Youth theater “Dusko Radovic” in Belgrade (23 April1999);
– Post Office in Nis (23 April 1999);
– Several thousand housing facilities damaged or destroyed, privatelyor
State owned, across Yugoslavia – most striking examples beinghousing
blocks in downtown Aleksinac and those near Post Office in Pristina.

– Damage to a power supply transmitted in Batajnica (26 March1999);
– Damage to water supply system in Zemun (5 April 1999);
– Damage to a power supply transmitter in Bogutovac (10 April1999);
– Telephone lines cut off in Bogutovac (10 April 1999);
– Damage to a power station in Pristina (12 April 1999);
– Damage to Bistrica hydroelectric power station in Polinje (13April 1999);
– Damage to electric power transmission lines and distributionnetwork in
the zone under air stikes by NATO enemy aircraft;
– Destruction of power supply transmitters in Belgrade suburbsof Resnik
and Zemun Polje (23 April 1999);


1. Jastrebac (Prokuplje)
2. Gucevo (Loznica)
3. Cot (Fruska Gora)
4. Grmija (Pristina)
5. Bogutovac (Pristina)
6. TV transmitter on Mt Goles (Pristina)
7. Mokra Gora (Pristina)
8. Kutlovac (Stari Trg)
9. “Cigota” (Uzice)
10. “Tornik” (Uzice)
11. Transmitter on Crni Vrh (Jagodina)
12. Satellite station “Yugoslavia” (in Prilike nearIvanjica)
13. TV masts and transmitters (Novi Sad)
14. TV transmitter on Mt Ovcara (Cacak)
15. TV transmitter in Kijevo (Belgrade)
16. TV transmitter on Mt Cer
17. Relay on Mt Jagodnji (Krupanj)
18. TV transmitter “Iriski Venac” (Fruska Gora)
19. TV relay on Mt. Bukulja;
20. Transmitter in Gazimestan (Pristina);
21. RTV transmitter in Krnjaca (Belgrade);
22. RTV transmitter on Mt. Gobelj (Mt. Kopaonik);
23. RTV transmitter on top of the business centre “Usce”used by RTV
Kosava, RTV Pink, SOS channel, TV BK and Radio S (Belgrade);


1. Monastery Gracanica from 14th century (24 March – 6 April 1999);
2. Monastery Rakovica from 17th century (29 March 1999);
3. Patriarchate of Pec (1 April 1999);
4. Church in Jelasnica near Surdulica (4 April 1999);
5. Monastery of the Church of St. Juraj (built in 1714) in Petrovaradin(1
April 1999);
6. Monastery of Holy Mother (12th century) at the estuary of theKosanica
in the Toplica – territory of municipality of Kursumlija (4 April1999);
7. Monastery of St. Nicholas (12th century) in the territory ofthe
municipality of Kursumlija (4 April 1999);
8. Monastery of St. Archangel Gabriel in Zemun (5 April 1999);
9. Roman Catholic Church St. Antonio in Djakovica (29 March 1999);
10. Orthodox cemetery in Gnjilane (30 March 1999);
11. Monuments destroyed in Bogutovac (8 April 1999);
12. “Kadinjaca” memorial complex (8 April 1999);
13. Vojlovica monastery near Pancevo (12 April 1999);
14. Hopovo monastery, iconostasis damaged (12 April 1999);
15. Orthodox Christian cemetery in Pristina (12 April 1999);
16. Monastery church St, Archangel Michael in Rakovica (16 April1999);
17. Orthodox church St. Marco in Belgrade (24 April 1999);
18. Russian Orthodox church Holly Trinity in Belgrade (24 April1999);

1. Severe damage to the roof structure of the Fortress of Petrovaradin(1
April 1999);
2. Heavy damage to “Tabacki bridge”, four centuriesold, in Djakovica (5
April 1999);
3. Substantial damage to the building in Stara Carsija (Old street)in
Djakovica (5 April 1999);
4. Destroyed archives housed in one of the Government buildingsin
Belgrade (3 April 1999);
5. Memorial complex in Gucevo (Loznica);
6. Memorial complex “Sumarice” in Kragujevac;
7. Vojvodina Museum in Novi Sad;
8. Old Military Barracks in Kragujevac – under the protectionof the state
(16 April 1999);
9. Memorial complex Crveni Krst in Nis (21 April 1999);

Jeffrey St. Clair is editor of CounterPunch. His new book is The Big Heat: Earth on the Brink co-written with Joshua Frank. He can be reached at: Alexander Cockburn’s Guillotined! and A Colossal Wreck are available from CounterPunch.