It is with optimism that I welcome the publication of a new book by Erwin Laszlo and David Lorimer, The Great Upshift, a collective work by 35 international scholars, including myself. The book offers not only a diagnosis of our current problems of governance, but also formulates a realistic prognosis accompanied by concrete, pragmatic and implementable proposals.
Doubtless the world is in flux and the Global Majority is gradually taking distance from the unipolar world that we knew following the end of the cold war and the collapse of the Soviet Union. We are witnessing a growing reluctance on the part of many countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia to follow the “leadership” of the “collective West”, whose policies have been proven to be counter-productive and incompatible with the legitimate interests of the majority of UN member states.
A slow process of de-dollarization of international trade is in progress, and it will no doubt continue for as long as the United States insists on weaponizing the dollar and using it as an instrument of pressure and blackmail. The long-term consequences for the value of the dollar and for the prospects of the US economy will be considerable.
From Seneca we know the maxim calamitas virtutis occasio. A calamity, catastrophe or major event is an good opportunity to show one’s mettle. Thus it is up to us to be the change that we want, to depart from old imperialist and colonialist paradigms and embrace a new multipolar world order, where multilateralism and international solidarity are the rule and not the exception. This is not mere rhetoric, it is our duty to make sure that the wars in Ukraine, Palestine and elsewhere end through diplomatic negotiation and that a modus vivendi is crafted that will be sustainable. The goal is to achieve justice for all parties, not to strive for “victory” and “winner takes all”. What is necessary is to break the vicious circle of violence and counter-violence.
A better world is possible, as we know from the World Social Forum, Porto Alegre, Agenda 21, ILO, UNESCO and WHO conventions, from the universal commitment to save the environment, from the many initiatives of inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations like the Geneva International Peace Research Institute to tackle the problems of peace and war, global warming and pandemics.
We already have a generous world constitution in the form of the UN Charter, and it is imperative, today more than ever, that we should recommit to the overarching principle of peace among nations and cultures. It is up to us to reject the concept of a “clash of civilizations” and embrace instead the concept of an alliance of civilizations. We must reaffirm the right of self-determination of all peoples, and not just those “peoples” who are likely to be our vassals. We must reject interference in the internal affairs of other nations. We must rediscover the spirituality of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the 75th anniversary of which we celebrate on 10 December.
Obstacles to the Upshift
At the same time, we should not be naive. We must all be aware of the considerable obstacles to any kind of change. Entrenched economic interests demonstrate an enormous inertia. Corporations and financial institutions are reluctant to entertain adventures that might endanger their profits. Meanwhile I do not think that there is added value in the so-called “great reset” announced by the World Economic Forum in Davos. I tend to agree with Elon Musk that “the World Economic Forum is increasingly becoming an unelected world government that the people never asked for and don’t want.”
By contrast, the book The Great Upshift urges us to radically rethink our premises and to arrive at a new synthesis. There is no lack of good ideas. But we do know from experience that facts alone do not change history. Indeed, there are facts without consequences, facts that are deemed inconvenient and “cancelled”, facts that are rejected. Similarly, there are books without follow-up.
We would have thought that the many books by Noam Chomsky would have impacted Washington and Brussels and persuaded the leaders that they were pursuing destructive and often criminal policies. We would have thought that Stephen Kinzer’s book “Overthrow” would have dissuaded Washington from its policies of financing so-called colour revolutions and “regime change”. We would have expected that the brilliant analysis of John Mearsheimer in his book The Great Delusion would have put the neo-cons in Washington out of business. The groundbreaking Schock Doctrine by Naomi Klein and the Diary of an Economic Hit Man by John Perkins showed us how financial and economic terror works, and yet the institutions continue to operate as before. We would have hoped that Jeffrey Sachs The Price of Civilization and “The End of Poverty” would have brought us nearer to a just world order. Perhaps if enough people had read Jimmy Carter’s Palestine Peace- Not Apartheid, and Norman Finkelstein’s book GAZA, a constructive arrangement between the Israelis and the Palestinians could have been crafted.
The many books by Professor Richard Falk, Francis Boyle, William Bloom, Norman Solomon, have given us excellent blueprints for the future. Also my colleague UN rapporteur Professor Nils Melzer published 2022 the book The Trial of Julian Assange, which revealed the hijacking of the administration of justice in the US, UK, Sweden and Ecuador for “lawfare” purposes and the destruction of the “rule of law” – far worse than the Dreyfus Affair of 1898. Indeed, I would like to call Professor Melzer the Emile Zola of the 21st century – but the mainstream media ignored Melzer and the book, as well as the call for a Charter of Rights of Whistleblowers.
One would have hoped and prayed that Wilfried Owen’s Anthem for Doomed Youth, Siegfried Sassoon’s poetry, Erich Maria Remarque’s novel All Quiet on the Western Front would have dampened our addiction to war, that George Orwell’s and Aldous Huxley’s warnings, Wikileaks and Edward Snowden’s revelations would have prevented our descent into totalitarianism.
Alas, the military-industrial-financial-media-digital establishment does not want to implement any of the proposals that the world needs. Instead of honouring the research and proposals of thinkers like Richard Falk and Jeffrey Sachs, the mainstream media delighted in the simplistic and wholly unrealistic vision of Francis Fukuyama’s trash book The End of History, a New York Times bestseller, hailed as “awesome” and a “landmark” by WaPo.
My UN reports
In my function as a UN Independent Expert on International Order in the years 2012 to 2018 I produced 14 reports for the UN General Assembly and Human Rights Council, I issued more than one hundred media statements, press releases and info-notes, participated in conferences and consultations in many countries. I came to understand that we UN rapporteurs are little more than an assembly of Cassandras and that our reports are politely received, but then very quickly filed away and forgotten. There is no follow-up mechanism to monitor whether any of our recommendations are ever implemented.
My 25 Principles of International Order, which I presented to the Human Rights Council in March 2018 and further developed in chapter 25 of my book “Building a Just World Order” did not have any immediate effect. In fact, they were largely ignored. Only some progressive ngo’s like the Geneva International Peace Research Institute, TFF, CETIM, South Centre and my own students at the Geneva School of Diplomacy and at the University of Geneva have found interest in them.
In the second and third books of my “human rights trilogy” — Countering Mainstream Narrativesand The Human Rights Industry— I elaborate on multiple problems that threaten the survival of humankind, including the danger of nuclear war, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction including bio- and chemical weapons, artificial intelligence, global warming, ecocide, pandemics, natural disasters.
On a different plane I address the root causes of many man-made problems, notably the dis-information campaigns driven by governments and the private sector, the Western focus on short-term profits at the expense of future generations, the impunity of transnational corporations and monopolies, deliberate deforestation, pollution of oceans and rivers. There is a pattern of anti-ecological exploitation of natural resources that prevents the economic development of many nations in Asia, Africa and Latin America, many under the yoke of monstrous foreign debt, and facilitated by official corruption, tax havens, privilege, structural violence, and often characterized by the narcissism of power, cynicism, greed and plain human stupidity. There is continuing exploitation of indigenous peoples in North and South America, in South-East Asia, in Australia, etc. The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is not being implemented, and the chimera of “free, prior and informed consent” is an illusion. There are sequels of imperialism and colonialism that are only now being addressed in the UN Human Rights Council as illustrated in Council Resolution 48/7 and the follow-up meetings.
Priorities for 2024 and beyond
What should our priorities be? Pax optima rerum – peace is the highest good – was the motto of the Peace of Westphalia of 1648, which ended the murderous Thirty Years’ War, an insane catastrophe that killed an estimated eight million Europeans. The First and Second World Wars together killed more than 60 million human beings. Where are the lessons learned? Did we learn any? A nuclear war would most likely destroy the planet, and there would be no victors. I am not sure that even Albert Einstein perceived the existential danger to all of humanity – even though in 1947 at a dinner party he is reported to have acknowledged his respect for the might of the atom — “I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.” This quotation may be apocryphal, but se non è vero, è molto ben trovato.
Back in 1933 Einstein and Sigmund Freud had exchanged letters on the thorny issue of why intelligent men start wars instead of sitting down and discussing possible options of peaceful coexistence. The League of Nations published the exchange in a famous book entitled “Why War”
Doubtless, peace must be our priority, and in order to achieve peace, we must address in a timely fashion the root causes of wars, we must resolve grievances in good faith. We must understand and internalize that a “culture of cheating” is counter-productive, that provocation is not an innocent act, that refusal to negotiate, intransigence and escalation constitute a violation of articles 2(3) and 2(4) of the UN Charter, that not only the use of force is prohibited, but also the threat of the use of force.
Moreover, a global compact on education for peace and empathy, which I promoted in a number of my UN reports, must be negotiated and agreed upon. A paradigm shift away from military-first economies to human security economies, away from the military-industrial-digital-financial complex, and a conversion into constructive social policies, job creation, healthcare is necessary.
Drawing hope from hope
There are plenty of diagnoses of the many ills that plague humanity. We draw hope – from hope. We have faith in ourselves and in the capacity of humans to solve man-made problems. We are still surrounded by Nature in its glory – the mountains and lakes, rivers and oceans, forests and orchards, birds and butterflies, endless wheatfields, the ineffable beauty of sunrise and sunset. If we would only open our eyes, we could discover the logic of Creation. This mindset can be ours, if we want it. It is up to us to see the positive in things and to remain positive and optimistic, notwithstanding the incompetence and corruption of the politicians who govern over us.
We draw hope from the concept of law, a product of organized civilization. We do have a coherent rules-based international order in the UN Charter, which is akin to a world constitution. We have international treaties, monitoring mechanisms, fact-finding commissions, local, regional and international courts. This is more than just window-dressing. And yet we know that justice is not mathematics, not self-executing. Alas, law is subject to subjectivity, it is NOT co-terminous with justice. What we must do is to ensure that the rule of law evolves into the rule of justice, that the principle “might makes right” is replaced by “right is might”.
Like everywhere in human affairs, peace and progress depend on identifying the right priorities and pursuing coherent policies to achieve them. Principles of Global Order alone will not succeed in saving the world from Apocalypse. We must win the information war, formulate a plan of action with concrete, pragmatic measures, and we must reclaim our democracy, day by day, step by step.
Let me end by endorsing the Seven-Point Upshift Manifesto:
1. We are nearly eight billion humans on the planet. Are we to be a community of eight billion humans living in peace and harmony, or will we be a set of eight billion stressed and depressed individuals fighting wars and facing intolerable conditions? We are at a critical decision-point.
2. Humanity’s descent into crises and chaos is not fated. We can upshift the way we evolve on Earth. Every war and aggression, every climate catastrophe, every migrant emergency can reinforce our resolve to find our way to peace and harmony.
3. The human community is awakening. A realization dawning among insightful individuals: we are not here by chance. Our consciousness-endowed species is not, and cannot have been, the merely result of a felicitous bend in a basically random twist of its evolution. There is a deeper purpose for humanity’s existence.
4. This is not a randomly interacting universe. It is an evolving and evolution-generating cosmic quantum system. Under physically suitable conditions, it tends to create complex and coherent systems, and systems of systems. Humanity is a product of this evolution as it takes place on Earth. There is a force in nature that is behind our existence: the force of life. This is a universal impetus for creating complex and coherent systems — the systems we call conscious and living.
5. Evolution took off in the universe 13,7 billion years ago in the aftermath of the Big Bang. It has been unfolding ever since. On Earth it has created a planetary web of living systems, endowed with various forms and levels of consciousness. We are part of this evolution. If we align with it, we promote the integrity of our body and contribute to the advance of our consciousness.
6. We have a choice before us, and it is real and may be nonrecurring. It is to upshift toward higher forms of life and higher forms of consciousness. The thirty-five chapters of The Great Upshift offered by as many international thought leaders provide ample testimony that an upshift to peace and harmony is achievable on this planet, and show how we can achieve it.
7. Upshifting to a peaceful and cooperative world is more than a wise choice of individual behavior and collective policy. It is the choice to live up to our cosmic mission — a sacred mission. It is humanity’s mission to safeguard and evolve life on Earth, and by this token to foster the advance of consciousness in the universe.
From his exile in Pontos the Roman poet Ovidius gave us a hint: Gutta cavat lapidem – the drop will yet perforate the stone. In this sense we must persevere and push-back against all political kitsch and misinformation that our governments serve us on a daily basis. And as Horatius urged us: sapere aude. This imperative means – that we must think for ourselves and stand up for our convictions.
On Human Rights Day 10 December, let us recommit to the fountainhead of all human rights – which is our common human dignity, an over-arching norm recognized by all religions and philosophies, let us recognize that although 2023 has been an annus horribilis, it is within our power to work for peace and reconciliation, for social justice and human rights. We owe it to ourselves and to future generations.
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