FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditEmail

Notes From Damascus

by FRANKLIN LAMB

Yarmouk Camp, Damascus

Perhaps the next time this observer responds to a request from a graduate student somewhere who writes to him seeking help with research for a Masters or Doctoral thesis on the subject of Palestinian refugees In Lebanon and Syria and the effects of the current crisis in Syria on their lives, I will propose the following:

Go to some store like Sears, Target or Sports Authority (I started to write Wal-Mart—but realized that my friend and eminent authority on Zionism and the Question of Palestine, Jeff Blankfort would shout at me via email as he did when I mentioned a couple of years ago something about wanting him to send me a really cheap camera from that slave labor–union busting outfit) and purchase a small decent quality tent on sale.  Then buy three pair of full body thermal underwear and come right away to Lebanon.

We will arrange for the student to camp out on the Syrian or Lebanese side of the border at Maznaa  for around ten days and conduct in depth interviews of some of the 500,000 Syrian and 126,000 Palestinian refugees who have fled the crisis—and some of those who are forced to return, being denied admission to Lebanon often because they are not be able to pay the 25,000LL  ($ 17) per refugee “  admission tax” charged  at the border by Lebanese General Security.  For those who can get in, Palestinians must pay an additional LL50,000  ($ 33) per person for a one-month extension.

The sociological-political data base is full and ripe for documentation and analysis and the friendly but often bored border guys will cooperate—currently, the Maznaa border crossing is  safe.

While Syria and Lebanon have a longstanding agreement that allows their citizens to cross the border without a visa, it is not being applied, as before, to Palestinians. Some families – especially larger ones face a real cash outlay burden. On 1/2/12 this observer met three Palestinian women who with their young children actually walked across the border at Maznaa from Yarmouk camp, about 40 kilometers away. Among them, they had 12 children-two babies and ten who were approximately between the ages of 4-9.  Their total “tax bill” was LL 300,000 ($200) and that unexpected sum left them essentially penniless. Moveover, assurances on the Syrian side of the border to the contrary notwithstanding, there is currently no UN relief agencies or NGO’s on the Lebanese side to help the desperate arrivals.

A researcher might conclude that what is needed also at Maznaa is for someone to set up a soup kitchen because many refugees are arriving very hungry. Some of the relatively few cars heading into Syria these days, including the one this observer was riding in, are filled with cheap Lebanese bread that returning Palestinians or Syrians have purchased in Lebanon for their families inside Syria where bread is getting rather expensive and on some days even hard to come by due to the shortage of flour and destruction of some bakeries. Some of the drivers will hand out a plastic bag of bread or two for those arriving in need.

When this observer bought five manouche (a kind of cheese pizza)  from the only nearby shop for five little ones at the Maznaa crossing—and began  to distribute them—suddenly around ten more refugee youngsters appeared from among the border chaos and ravished the manouches– bizarrely reminding one of piranhas attacking a fat chicken in the Amazon.

The issue of Palestinian refugees from Syria remains very much a political issue this New Years in Lebanon with one government minister, an ally of  Hezbollah declaring again this week that “We have warned of an influx of refugees since the number was 7,000. Today, they [refugees] have become over 170,000. He insisted that “the refugee problem should not be addressed under the pretext of humanitarian concerns. We in the Cabinet will stand in the defense of Lebanon’s right in terms of what is best for it.”

To his great credit, Hasan Nasrallah, Sec-Gen. of Hezbollah appeared to rebuke this gentleman,  his party’s close political ally and insisted on behalf of Hezbollah that the Palestinian and Syrian refugees must be dealt with in a humanitarian manner and he rejected the idea of closing the border to them.  One Hezbollah official advised this observer that Hezbollah believes all border fees for the fleeing refugees should be waived, and added that “we should deal with the presence of the refugees in a purely humanitarian manner and not politicize it.”  Nasrallah added that Syrian and Palestinians families should be taken care of by the Lebanese government, whether they are with the opposition or the regime or in between… the Lebanese should embrace those immigrant families in their homes and public places despite the difficult economic conditions they suffer.”

Some fleeing Palestinians refugees at the Maznaa crossing mention that they fear that al-Qeada affiliates are taking over Yarmouk camp and want to establish an Islamic emirate.

With a long-time Palestinian friend, this morning I visited the camp and inquired. Contrary to rumors,  Syrian army units patrolling the main entrance to Yarmouk camp and patrolling the adjacent areas are not prevent foreigners from entering.  They simply warn them not to but do not block them or arrest them.  Certain parts of the large camp, more like a large urban neighborhood divided along Yarmouk and Palestine street are safe.

But there are sections where the Al Nusra Front is very much in control and are actively setting up social service centers and training bases for arriving recruits from a number of countries as well as, regrettably, some Palestinians, mostly unemployed, who are given a weapon,  some training, some cash and told that the Holy Koran demands of them to liberate Yarmouk from non-believers and non-Sunni and to establish in the liberated areas an Islamic eirate while dismantling the legacy of Sykes-Picot.

To this end they are currently “cleansing” areas of Yarmouk under their control and trying to spread into adjoining areas of the camp.  As of 1/4/12 there is not much resistance as the pro-government armed popular committees such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command have not returned after fleeing nearly two weeks ago.

Some of the camp inhabitants expect that the Syrian army will enter an attempt to expel al Nusra and their allies but others are saying that the army is very reluctant because it would be accused of destroying a Palestinian refugee camp.

Still others say that it’s a waiting game until the current crisis is resolved and that they will simply avoid the growing jihadist areas of the camp as best they can until the end of the crisis. This observer detected among several he spoke with, that there is some optimism that the crisis will soon be resolved and they are watching this month scheduled US-Russia meeting for signs.

Talking with some of the Syrian soldiers at the entrance to Yarmouk, and asking their assessments, using elicits a terse response that they are “preparing and awaiting order.”

Franklin Lamb is doing research in Syria and can be reached c/o fplamb@gmail.com

Franklin Lamb volunteers with the Lebanon, France, and USA based Meals for Syrian Refugee Children Lebanon (MSRCL) which seeks to provide hot nutritional meals to Syrian and other refugee children in Lebanon. http://mealsforsyrianrefugeechildrenlebanon.com. He is reachable c/o fplamb@gmail.com.

More articles by:

CounterPunch Magazine

minimag-edit

bernie-the-sandernistas-cover-344x550

zen economics

December 08, 2016
John W. Whitehead
Power to the People: John Lennon’s Legacy Lives On
Mike Whitney
Rolling Back the Empire: Washington’s Proxy-Army Faces Decisive Defeat in Aleppo
Ellen Brown
“We’ll Look at Everything:” More Thoughts on Trump’s $1 Trillion Infrastructure Plan
John Stauber
The Rise and Fall of Obamacare: Will the Inside Story Ever be Told?
Ted Rall
Ameri-Splaining
Michael J. Sainato
Mainstream Media Continues Absolving Itself From Clinton, Trump Election Failures
Ralph Nader – Mark Green
Divest or Face Impeachment: an Open Letter to Donald Trump
Gareth Porter
US Airstrikes on Syrian Troops: Report Data Undermine Claim of “Mistake”
Martha Burke
What Trumponomics Means for Women
Ramzy Baroud
Fatah, Hold Your Applause: Palestinian Body Politic Rotten to the Core
Steve Horn
Jeff Sessions, Trump’s Attorney General Pick, Introduced First Bill Exempting Fracking from Drinking Water Rules
Joe Ware
The Big Shift: Why Banks Need to Stop Investing Our Money Into Fossil Fuels
Juliana Barnet
On the Ground at Standing Rock
Franklin Lamb
Aleppo Update: An Inspiring Return to the Bombed Out National Museum
Steve Kelly
Hidden Harmony: on the Perfection of Forests
December 07, 2016
Michael Schwalbe
What We Talk About When We Talk About Class
Karl Grossman
The Next Frontier: Trump and Space Weapons
Kenneth Surin
On Being Caught Speeding in Rural America
Chris Floyd
In Like Flynn: Blowback for Filth-Peddling Fascists
Serge Halimi
Trump, the Know-Nothing Victor
Paul DeRienzo
Flynn Flam: Neocon Ex-General to Be Trump’s National Security Advisor
Binoy Kampmark
Troubled Waters: Trump, Taiwan and Beijing
Tom Clifford
Trump and China: a Note From Beijing
Arnold August
Fidel’s Legacy to the World on Theory and Practice
Dave Lindorff
Is Trump’s Idea To Fix a ‘Rigged System’ by Appointing Crooks Who’ve Played It?
John Kirk
Cuba After Fidel
Jess Guh
Repeal of Affordable Care Act is Politics Playing with the Wellbeing of Americans
Eric Sommer
Team Trump: a Government of Generals and Billionaires
Lawrence Davidson
U.S. Reactions to the Death of Fidel Castro
John Garvey - Noel Ignatiev
Abolitionism: a Study Guide
Clancy Sigal
Caution: Conspiracy Theory Ahead!
December 06, 2016
Anthony DiMaggio
Post-Fact Politics: Reviewing the History of Fake News and Propaganda
Richard Moser
Standing Rock: Challenge to the Establishment, School for the Social Movements
Behrooz Ghamari Tabrizi
Warmongering 99 – Common Sense 0: the Senate’s Unanimous Renewal of Iran Sanctions Act
Norman Solomon
Media Complicity is Key to Blacklisting Websites
Michael J. Sainato
Elizabeth Warren’s Shameful Exploitation of Standing Rock Victory
David Rosen
State Power and Terror: From Wounded Knee to Standing Rock
Kim Ives
Deconstructing Another Right-Wing Victory in Haiti
Nile Bowie
South Korea’s Presidency On A Knife-Edge
Mateo Pimentel
Some Notes and a Song for Standing Rock
CJ Hopkins
Manufacturing Normality
Bill Fletcher Jr – Bob Wing
Fighting Back Against the White Revolt of 2016
Peter Lee
Is America Ready for a War on White Privilege?
Pepe Escobar
The Rules of the (Trump) Game
W. T. Whitney
No Peace Yet in Colombia Despite War’s End
FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditEmail