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Securocratic War, Securocratic Borders Securocratic Emissions

Globally, human societies are veering towards the precipice of a cascading extinction event that is traceable to 20th century wars and to accelerated dangers following the end of the Cold War. This pivotal time could have seen the end of nuclear weapons and the near elimination of greenhouse gas emissions. Instead, the major nuclear weapons states are modernizing their arsenals, and greenhouse gas emissions since 1990 surpass cumulative emissions since the beginning of the industrial revolution. From 1990, transformations of global militarization have proven to be both a cause and effect of interconnected crises. Israeli militarization, inflicted on Palestinian people and territory, has been integral, at times a groundbreaking catalyst, facilitator, and collaborator in this global disaster. Post-Cold War Israel put its so-called peace process in “formaldehyde” (in the words of Dov Weisglass). .

Jeff Halper, a founding member of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions, an anthropologist and activist, has long challenged spurious representations of Israel as victim and as a “light unto nations”. He describes Israel’s “matrix of control” and documents the Revolution in Military Affairs and Israel’s carving out an indispensable global niche in the sector of securocratic technologies and strategies. The battlescape encompasses the traditional spectrum of the battlefield and also the new dimension of space and the “human terrain”, the electromagnetic spectrum, cyber space and information space. Conventional wars aimed to achieve regional or global hegemony; securocratic wars aim to “securitize everything.” Israel positions itself as indispensable in the areas of nuclear weapons, in securocratic and conventional warfare, and in strategy and law.

The end of the Cold War coincided with shifts in sovereignty and ideology. 20th century sovereignty rested principally with nation states, with influential political and economic power distributed unevenly within three socio-economic classes in democratic, communist, and fascist regimes. In contrast, 21st century sovereignty rests especially in global NATO, in national security bureaucracies, and in financial institutions that cause unprecedented inequity and deprivation for the majority population. Ideology is often reducible to a Manichaean battle between “good” and “evil” in which anything and anyone, the “other”, is a “threat multiplier”. In practice, the powerful are free to assault with disproportionality in the name of security and self-defense.

Despite attempts to establish sovereignty at an international level to “end the scourge of war” through the League of Nations and the United Nations, the majority world population is still not served by any universal institutions that are able to implement an end to the system of nationalism, capitalism, fossil fuels, racism, and militarism. The very structure of the UN entrenches authoritarianism and militarization: the five permanent members of the Security Council, each with veto power, are the original nuclear weapons states. Seven of nine nuclear weapons states are not members of the International Criminal Court: U.S., Russia, China, Israel, India, North Korea and Pakistan. Navi Pillay, former head of the UN Human Rights Council, spoke of UN Security Council failures to bring peace and to save lives: “I firmly believe that greater responsiveness by this council would have saved hundreds of thousands of lives.” She cited conflicts in Afghanistan, Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Ukraine, and Gaza. “These crises hammer home the full cost of the international community’s failure to prevent conflict. None of these crises erupted without warning.”

NUCLEAR WEAPONS.

The current nuclear weapons threat is worse than during the Cold War. One of the most dangerous turning points after the Cold War was G.W. Bush’s abrogation of the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty in 2002, allowing development of missile defense systems (“star wars”). More dangerous than the Cold War when there was the restraint of “mutually assured destruction” (MAD), missile defenses lead to the belief that incoming nuclear missiles could be intercepted and that a nuclear war is winnable.

Israel’s nuclear weapon secrecy mirrors little children hiding in plain sight, except little children innocently and charmingly believe that no one can see them while Israel’s “secrecy” tauntingly communicates a sense of entitlement to destroy. Israel’s arsenal is variously estimated to be between 80 to 400 nuclear warheads. Israel is not a signatory to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), yet Israel was allowed to participate and determine the focus of the 2015 five-year UN NPT conference held during the Ukraine/Crimea crisis. With fears of a nuclear conflagration between the U.S. and Russia, the aim was to take nuclear weapons off high-alert status, but Israel deflected attention to the purported threat of Iran, and the NPT review conference was a failure as a result.

For decades, Israel has been the nuclear threat in the Middle East, not Iran. UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and international law expert Richard Falk wrote: “What has Iran done to justify this frantic war-mongering … the outright threats emanating from Israel and the U.S. that leaves ‘all options’ on the table.”

Seymour Hersh, the journalist of Israel’s nuclear weapons, My Lai, and the Cambodian genocide, wrote of “the repeated inability of the best and the brightest of the Joint Special Operations Command to find definitive evidence of a nuclear-weapons production program in Iran….. with lots of belligerent talk but no definitive evidence of a nuclear-weapons program.”

The U.K. Guardian: “Leaked spy cables show Binyamin Netanyahu’s dramatic declaration to world leaders in 2012 that Iran was about a year away from making a nuclear bomb was contradicted by his own secret service, according to a top-secret Mossad document.”

Robert Fisk wrote in The Independent 2012: “The Israeli President warns us now that Iran is on the cusp of producing a nuclear weapon. Heaven preserve us. Yet we reporters do not mention that Shimon Peres, as Israeli Prime Minister, said exactly the same thing in 1996. That was 16 years ago. And we do not recall that the current Israeli PM, Benjamin Netanyahu, said in 1992 that Iran would have a nuclear bomb by 1999. That would be 13 years ago…”

Noam Chomsky reported that a  nuclear Iran suited the U.S. pre-1979, before the Islamic revolution overthrew the brutal shah regime.   Cheney, Rumsfeld, Kissinger, and Wolfowitz “wanted Iran to develop nuclear facilities and they were allies at the time.”

Israel has long violated international law in its nuclear weapons agreements with apartheid South Africa and with India. Israel, apartheid South Africa, and India regarded themselves as vulnerable nations surrounded by hostile, racialized, unstable nations. India and Israel both legitimize a first-strike against a non-nuclear weapons threat.

Germany has provided Israel with a fleet of advanced submarines equipped to fire long-range nuclear-tipped cruise missiles. The submarines were given to Israel as Holocaust reparation. According to Netanyahu, the submarines carry nuclear weapons pointed at Iran. Israel’s Jericho II missiles have an estimated range of 4800 km, and greater if fitted with smaller nuclear warheads; that gives Israel a nuclear strike capability covering the entire Middle East, Africa, Europe, Asia, and almost all parts of North America and large parts of South America and Oceania. Jericho III’s extremely high-impact speed enables it to avoid ballistic missile defenses.

CONVENTIONAL WARS

Israel, created by Zionists, was always heavily militarized and has long infringed international law in its nefarious arms trade. Prior to World War II, Zionists developed Plan Dalet and strategies for the ethnic cleansing of Palestine. After WWII, Albert Einstein, Hannah Arendt, and other prominent Jewish people signed a letter to the New York Times, condemning the fascistic “gangster methods” and “reign of terror” against Palestinians.

Israel’s modus operandi in Gaza has been to violate ceasefire agreements, to surreptitiously provoke retaliatory responses that are used to justify scorched earth destruction of vital infrastructure, and then to use unconventional weapons causing massive civilian casualties. With impunity, every “operation” against Gaza includes the bombing of its power supply, schools, religious facilities, hospitals and ambulances, followed by embargoes on rebuilding material and essential medical supplies.

Israel acted as U.S. surrogate and secretly sold arms to Iran in the Iran-Contra Affair. Israel many times violated UN arms embargos, selling weapons to South Sudan and later to Serbia. Israel also sold weapons to Pinochet (Chile), the Mugabe regime (Zimbabwe), all three sides in the Angolan civil war, the military junta in Argentina, Somoza’s regime in Nicaragua, the dictatorships in Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Colombia, Portuguese Mozambique, Guinea Bissau, the Ivory Coast, Uganda, Nigeria Somalia, Cameroon, the DRC’s Mobutu regime, and to Suharto in Indonesia.

21st Century SECUROCRATIC WAR

Post Cold War, Israel plays an indispensable part in the new global securocratic shift from inter-state conflict to pacification of “disrupters”. Described by forensic architect Eyal Weizman, the war on terror is the backdrop that allows “the exchange of technologies, mechanisms, doctrines, and spatial strategies between various militaries and the organizations that they confront, as well as between the civilian and military domains…”.

Israel’s“ operations” against Gaza involve the “limited use of unlimited force” : a multilayered effort to inflict the greatest damage possible on terrorists and their weapons systems, their infrastructure, support networks, financial flows, and other means of support. Civilian villages are treated as military bases.

Israel, using assaults on Palestinian territory as a lab, sells its “battle-tested” high-tech cyber-security technology, drones, unmanned aerial systems, missiles, radars, and electronic warfare systems. Under “precision engagement”, Israel takes the lead in Unmanned Surface (naval) Vehicles and Unmanned Ground Vehicles, Fighting Robots, and Directed-Energy Weapons (lasers, high-powered microwaves, particle beams and advanced optics). Scientific and “cute” terms for weapons systems that penetrate and desecrate body boundaries are sold at the world’s arms fairs: biometric templates for fingerprints and retinal and facial measurement; joy sticks are remote killing devices used to “Spot and Shoot”. Killer and surveillance drones are called BirdEye, Skylark, Ghost, Bat, Mini-Panther. Entomopters are bug-sized devices that carry out “precise, deadly strikes without sending its own soldiers into danger”; the Mosquito, weighing only 450 grams, can range up to two kilometers and can activate a “hive” of three JUMPER canisters, each containing eight missiles that can deliver several possible warhead options up to a range of 50 km. Snake robots of varying sizes, equipped with cameras and occasionally explosives, can be deployed in contested buildings for surveillance, “or potentially, to implant poisons or debilitating devices in targeted individuals.” (Halper, p 131-33).

Securocratic expertise gives Israel a long reach. The Canadian-Israel Public Safety Act signed in 2008 gives Israel access to Canada’s internal security and police apparatus which covers border management and security measures, including biometric applications, to correctional services and prisons, crime prevention, critical infrastructure protection, emergency management, illegal immigration, and law enforcement cooperation with Israel.

The Israeli systems of civilian pacification and policing are used in Central Asia, Latin America (particularly Brazil) for whom “militarized homeland security fits domestic needs more than a military geared to fighting inter-state wars… [to] pacify and control hundreds of thousands of people from working class” and poor neighborhoods, to control crowds and mass civilian demonstrations. Halper describes “wars of dystopia that assume that ‘perfected’ liberal democracies are threatened by an invisible, infiltrating menace…drug dealers, terrorists, asylum seekers, undocumented immigrants and microbes.”

Israel’s arms exports increased by 74% since 2008. Some of Israel’s joint projects are with Hindustan Aeronautics Limited and Rafael and Israel Aerospace Industries IIAI) to build an integrated anti-missile system to be deployed against Chinese nuclear and conventional missiles. A Canada-Israel joint project is Frontline Robotics of Ottawa with IAI’s LAHAV division and ODF Optronics of Tel Aviv, and the unmanned ground vehicle Border Protector is a US – Israel project.

SECUROCRATIC BORDERS

Todd Miller, author of Empire of Borders, writes that “borders are everywhere that the ruling classes meet the people, the rich meet the poor, the powerful meet the dispossessed”, and that Israel is a microcosm of the whole world. Israel is selling a security state. In 2014 Elbit Systems received a prime contract from U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) for surveillance along the U.S. Mexico border, including 53 towers equipped with cameras that can see 7 miles away, ground-sweeping radar systems that feed into command and control rooms, thousands of implanted motion sensors, and a GPS system able to home in on exact coordinates of any border transgression. Elbit Systems surveillance drones fly over US borderlands, and Israel trains border officials and US law enforcement agents.

SECUROCRATIC EMISSIONS

The military is exempt under the Kyoto Protocol, yet the military is the largest single institutional emitter of greenhouse gases. An ignored source of emissions are the massive data centres (server farms) for sending and receiving information from weapons and surveillance systems. [1]

LAWS AND INSTITUTIONS

Israel deflects criminal charges partly by formulating new laws (“lawfare”). After removing Israeli settlers from Gaza, Israel continued to control Gaza’s air, sea, and land borders but fabricated a legal category “parastatal entity” to evade Geneva Convention obligations to occupied peoples.

Israel signed but did not ratify the Chemical Weapons Convention and is not a party to the Biological Weapons Convention. Israel violates the 1925 Geneva Protocol on Poisonous Gas and the 1993 Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling, and Use of Chemical Weapons.

Israel’s Dahiya Doctrine erases the distinction between civilians and military and legalizes what is illegal under international law: the Principle of Distinction (between civilian and military) and the Principle of Disproportionality.

Richard Falk, previously UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, writes that drone warfare and surveillance have ushered in a new lawlessness; in the global battlefield, wars have no true endpoint, and everyone, including citizens and residents, are potential enemies. New fascistic trends include large investment in secret global surveillance systems in which drones are a no-risk weapon deployed in the name of “security”.

MORALITY

Eyal Weizman writes of a degraded moral category of “least possible evil”, a permissible evil if it prevents an even greater crime. A grim irony is the view that the Nazi genocide was the worst evil because it was uniquely methodical, scientific, and technological, yet Israel’s proclaimed cutting-edge precision methods of control and killing are morally unquestioned. The military aim is full-spectrum dominance over all movement on the ground, air, and sea, and inside body and mind. Most often, what Israeli leaders say and do causes no moral discomfort. Former Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir’s was able to say “We can forgive the Arabs for killing our children. But we can never forgive them for forcing us to kill their children. Peace will come when the Arabs will love their children more than they hate us.” Shaul Mofaz is known as the “butcher of the Jenin refugee camp” who “mowed the lawn” of humans, and Shaked publicly called for the slaughter of Palestinian mothers who give birth to “little snakes.” Canada allowed Mofaz to speak and Ayelet to vacation in Canada but refused admission to Israel critic former British M.P. George Galloway and to pro-BDS peace activist U.S. Colonel Ann Wright.

In 2004, over one hundred Israelis signed the Olga Document, expressing shame and guilt. “We are talking of a road that has not been tried hitherto: being honest with ourselves, with our neighbours and particularly with the Palestinian people – our enemies who are our brothers and sisters. If we muster within ourselves the appropriate honesty and requisite courage, we will be able to take the first step in the long journey that can extricate us from the tangle of denial, repression, distortion of reality, loss of direction and forsaking of conscience, in which the people of Israel have been trapped for generations.” Richard Falk speaks of a global morality beyond the nation state: “we as species need urgently to affirm the imperative of serving human interests and to recognize that this can only begin to occur if people are able to create a vibrant global political community that embraces the whole of humanity.” This would be revolutionary but do-able.

[1]  If the global IT industry were a country, only China and the United States would contribute more to climate change Greenpeace report . Data Centres of The World Will Consume 1/5 Of Earth’s Power By 2025.

Noam Chomsky and Laray Polk (2013). Nuclear War and Environmental Catastrophe. Seven Stories Press. New York.

Norman Finkelstein. (2018). Gaza: An inquest into its Martyrdom. University of California Press. Oakland.

Jeff Halper (2015). War Against the People. Israel, the Palestinians and global pacification. Pluto Press. London.

Seymour Hersh (1991). The Samson Option: Israel, America and the bomb. Faber and Faber. London.

Todd Miller (2019). Empire of Borders: How the US is exporting its border around the world. Verso. London

Ilan Pappe (2006). The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine. One World Press. Oxford.

Eyal Weizman (2011). The Least of All Possible Evils: Humanitarian violence from Arendt to Gaza. Verso. London.

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Judith Deutsch is a member of the Socialist Project, Independent Jewish Voices, and  former president of Science for Peace. She is a psychoanalyst in Toronto. She can be reached at:   judithdeutsch0@gmail.com.

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