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Ordinarily on Friday our good Congresspeople cast their last vote and scurry quickly out of the House chamber. But on Friday, June 24, they tarried, watching in amazement as the roll call unfolded on the second of two bills addressing Obama’s war on Libya. And lo and behold, for the second time in a day the House of Representatives repudiated Obama’s brazenly unconstitutional war. No wonder Obama took time at his press conference on Wednesday to try once again to justify the assault on Libya. He looked like a worried man.
There has, however, been a great deal of confusion about the second (H.J.R.2278; Roll Call 494)) of the two bills on Libya. All agree that the House’s repudiation of bill number one (H.J. 68; Roll Call 493) was an antiwar vote. But far and wide, high and low, from NPR to the NYT, this second bill has been labeled anti-war and hence its failure a victory for Obama and the War Party. It was nothing of the sort.
Let’s cut to the chase here and quote the clearest statement of what the second bill represented.
It comes from Ron Paul:
Mr. Speaker I rise to oppose this legislation, which masquerades as a limitation of funds for the president’s war on Libya but is in fact an authorization for that very war.
According to HR 2278, the US military cannot be involved in NATO’s actions in Libya, with four important exceptions. If this passes, for the first time the president would be authorized to use US Armed Forces to engage in search and rescue; intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance; aerial refueling; and operational planning against Libya. Currently, absent an authorization or declaration of war, these activities are illegal. So instead of ending the war against Libya, this bill would legalize nearly everything the president is currently doing there.
That the war in Libya can be ended by expanding it and providing the president a legal excuse to continue makes no sense. If this bill fails, the entirety of what the president is doing in Libya would remain illegal.
Additionally, it should not really be necessary to prohibit the use of funds for US military attacks on Libya because those funds are already prohibited by the Constitution. Absent Congressional action to allow US force against Libya any such force is illegal, meaning the expenditure of funds for such activities is prohibited. I will, however, support any straight and clean prohibition of funds such as the anticipated amendments to the upcoming Defense Appropriations bill.
I urge my colleagues to reject this stealth attempt to authorize the Libya war and sincerely hope that the House will soon get serious about our Constitutional obligations and authority.
The vote was 238 to reject, 149 Democrats and 89 Republicans, versus 180 ayes. Some antiwar Democrats voted against the bill, for example Jim McGovern (MA) and Jim McDermott (WA), but all too many voted in favor, including Dennis Kucinich (MA) and Lynn Woolsey (CA). Why such confusion? Kucinich volunteered that he hoped to get some additional restrictions on the Libyan War, and for this he was apparently willing to provide implicit approval of the war! Perhaps the liberal Left has become so accustomed to groveling for whatever crumbs are thrown its way that they have forgotten the very idea of acting on principle. Certainly those who voted “aye” had little regard for the rights of Congress and its Constitutional responsibility to reign in an imperious, imperial president.
Let’s turn to the first bill, H.R. 68, which was also defeated. Basically it was the same as the second bill, perhaps the result of some knavery or simply of confusion! Here are the full titles of the two bills according to the Clerk of the House:
HJ. 68: Authorizing the limited use of the United States Armed Forces in support of the NATO mission in Libya.
HR. 2278: To limit the use of funds appropriated to the Department of Defense for United States Armed Forces in support of North Atlantic Treaty Organization Operation Unified Protector with respect to Libya, unless otherwise specifically authorized by law.
The operative word in both titles is “use.” Each bill seeks “limits,” but in so doing each permits the “use” of forces or funds to wage the war on Libya. In so doing each would have provided legal cover for unconstitutional and undeclared war. These bills would have also lifted the sword of impeachment that now hangs over Obama’s head and may yet do its work if it can be shaken loose.
The greater lesson of these votes is that considerable confusion reigns inside and outside the Congress among both advocates and opponents of war. Confusion is perhaps a sign that sharper conflict and possibly change are waiting in the wings. The side with clarity has a big advantage at such a moment.
The forces for peace scored two victories last Friday, and each victory deserves to be savored and used as inspiration. Let’s not overlook or misinterpret even one.
*Much to the credit of Eric Garris, the Paul speech was immediately posted on Antiwar.com whereas it was neglected by most outlets.