FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditEmail

Franco’s Dictatorship and the Holocaust

by VINCENT NAVARRO

There is not full awareness in the international community of the degree of influence that fascist forces still have over the apparatus of the current Spanish state and related associations. The Spanish Royal Academy of History for example has just published a Historical Dictionary that includes laudatory remarks about General Franco and the dictatorship that he established.  There are a lot of myths that continue to be reproduced in the Spanish intellectual life in spite of the historical evidence that exists to question each one of them.

One example of these myths is the perception that the fascist dictatorship (referred to in Spain as Francoist dictatorship) did not persecute the Jews.  Actually, it is widely believed that Franco’s regime actually helped the Jews who were escaping Nazi occupied France to arrive in Lisbon and from there to the Americas.  Several documents have now appeared, however, which show the falsehood of such interested and apologetic perceptions of that regime.

This evidence also shows, incidentally, that the Allies were fully aware of the Holocaust.  By July 15th, 1944, Sir Harold MacMichael, top British authority in the Palestinian Protectorate, sent a note to Sir Antony Eden, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the United Kingdom, referring to the Holocaust, indicating that several million Jews had been executed, some of them Jews of Spanish origin.

The Franco government fully cooperated in that Holocaust.  Hitler gave Franco the chance to take back the Jews of Spanish origin, which Franco refused, knowing that this decision would condemn them to the gas chambers.  Franco did request, however, to take possession of the property of those Jews, requesting them to be sent back to Spain.

The recent book, El Franquismo, Complice del Holocaust (Francoism, Accomplice of the Holocaust), written by the Spanish historian Eduardo Martin de Pozuelo, shows plenty of evidence that Franco collaborated in the Holocaust and also demonstrates that the Allied authorities, including the U.S. Federal government, was fully aware of this, which was not an obstacle.

Later on, President Eisenhower, recognizing Franco’s dictatorship, defined him as “the great ally in the fight for democracy against Communism.” Actually, one of the reasons why the Spanish fascist regime helped in the elimination of the Jews of Spanish origin was not only for the anti-Jewish views of Spanish fascism, closely allied to the Catholic Church (Pius XII defined Franco as the Great Savior of Christianity), but also because of military and security reasons.

According to the documents published by Eduardo Martin de Pozuelo, the fascist regime was afraid that the Spanish Jews, who would have likely sympathized with the Allied forces against Hitler, could have easily become spies and saboteurs.

The evidence also shows that Hitler played a critical role in the fascist coup lead by General Franco against the democratically elected Spanish government in 1936, and Hitler’s support for that coup until its victory in 1939.  Without such military and economic assistance, Franco would not have resisted the popular mobilization against the coup.  As a consequence, Franco’s Spain became practically a colony of Nazi Germany.

The Nazi establishment had an enormous influence on the economic and political Spanish establishments.  And the Allied Forces were fully aware of this, partially because of the Spanish antifascist resistance that, under extremely repressive conditions, helped the Allied Forces, to be ignored and betrayed later on once the war ended and Franco became the best ally of the so-called democratic governments, lead by the U.S. in their “fight for Democracy against Communism.”

The enormous paradox is that the Communist Soviet Union (along with Mexico) had been the only power who had assisted the democratic forces in Spain in their resistance against Fascism.

Vincent Navarro is Professor of Public Policy at the Johns Hopkins University. He is a contributor to Hopeless: Barack Obama and the Politics of Illusion, published by AK Press and now available in Kindle format

 

Vicente Navarro is Professor of Public Policy at Johns Hopkins University, and Director of the JHU-UPF Public Policy Center.

More articles by:

CounterPunch Magazine

minimag-edit

bernie-the-sandernistas-cover-344x550

zen economics

Weekend Edition
February 24, 2017
Friday - Sunday
Jeffrey St. Clair
Roaming Charges: Exxon’s End Game Theory
Pierre M. Sprey - Franklin “Chuck” Spinney
Sleepwalking Into a Nuclear Arms Race with Russia
Paul Street
Liberal Hypocrisy, “Late-Shaming,” and Russia-Blaming in the Age of Trump
Ajamu Baraka
Malcolm X and Human Rights in the Time of Trumpism: Transcending the Master’s Tools
John Laforge
Did Obama Pave the Way for More Torture?
Mike Whitney
McMaster Takes Charge: Trump Relinquishes Control of Foreign Policy 
Patrick Cockburn
The Coming Decline of US and UK Power
Louisa Willcox
The Endangered Species Act: a Critical Safety Net Now Threatened by Congress and Trump
Vijay Prashad
A Foreign Policy of Cruel Populism
John Chuckman
Israel’s Terrible Problem: Two States or One?
Matthew Stevenson
The Parallax View of Donald Trump
Norman Pollack
Drumbeat of Fascism: Find, Arrest, Deport
Stan Cox
Can the Climate Survive Electoral Democracy? Maybe. Can It Survive Capitalism? No.
Ramzy Baroud
The Trump-Netanyahu Circus: Now, No One Can Save Israel from Itself
Edward Hunt
The United States of Permanent War
David Morgan
Trump and the Left: a Case of Mass Hysteria?
Pete Dolack
The Bait and Switch of Public-Private Partnerships
Mike Miller
What Kind of Movement Moment Are We In? 
Elliot Sperber
Why Resistance is Insufficient
Brian Cloughley
What are You Going to Do About Afghanistan, President Trump?
Binoy Kampmark
Warring in the Oncology Ward
Yves Engler
Remembering the Coup in Ghana
Jeremy Brecher
“Climate Kids” v. Trump: Trial of the Century Pits Trump Climate Denialism Against Right to a Climate System Capable of Sustaining Human Life”
Jonathan Taylor
Hate Trump? You Should Have Voted for Ron Paul
Franklin Lamb
Another Small Step for Syrian Refugee Children in Beirut’s “Aleppo Park”
Ron Jacobs
The Realist: Irreverence Was Their Only Sacred Cow
Andre Vltchek
Lock up England in Jail or an Insane Asylum!
Rev. William Alberts
Grandiose Marketing of Spirituality
Paul DeRienzo
Three Years Since the Kitty Litter Disaster at Waste Isolation Pilot Plant
Eric Sommer
Organize Workers Immigrant Defense Committees!
Steve Cooper
A Progressive Agenda
David Swanson
100 Years of Using War to Try to End All War
Andrew Stewart
The 4CHAN Presidency: A Media Critique of the Alt-Right
Edward Leer
Tripping USA: The Chair
Randy Shields
Tom Regan: The Life of the Animal Rights Party
Nyla Ali Khan
One Certain Effect of Instability in Kashmir is the Erosion of Freedom of Expression and Regional Integration
Rob Hager
The Only Fake News That Probably Threw the Election to Trump was not Russian 
Mike Garrity
Why Should We Pay Billionaires to Destroy Our Public Lands? 
Mark Dickman
The Prophet: Deutscher’s Trotsky
Christopher Brauchli
The Politics of the Toilet Police
Ezra Kronfeld
Joe Manchin: a Senate Republicrat to Dispute and Challenge
Clancy Sigal
The Nazis Called It a “Rafle”
Louis Proyect
Socialism Betrayed? Inside the Ukrainian Holodomor
Charles R. Larson
Review: Timothy B. Tyson’s “The Blood of Emmett Till”
David Yearsley
Founding Father of American Song
FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditEmail